I am looking for a parallel of this kiln construction, excavated in the territory of Bulgaria. The structure was discovered in a Roman villa rustica, dated to the second half of the 2nd – third quarter of the 4th c. AD (Aleksandrov 1983, 72-75). The site was situated near the the modern day (and also the Roman) town of Montana (in the Roman provinces of Moesia Inferior/Dacia Mediterrranea).
The construction comprised four two-chambered structures (two with perforated and two with solid intermediate floors) connected by a long praefurnium (image – Aleksandrov 1983, p. 60). The fire was ignited into the lower chamber of the largest structure from where the hot air was transfered to the other three parts of this facility (Aleksandrov 1983, 60-61).Unlike the “kiln-plants” in Holt and Holdeurn (see Grimes 1930, 29-37; Peacock 1982, 139-141), the kilns of this construction were unable to operate separately, because of the common praefurnium. Until now I was unable to find structure similar to that from the European part of the Roman Empire. Some comparable facilities were excavated in the Nene Valley (Woods 1974, 262-281), but they consisted of only two connected parts and had simpler construction.
There is no information about the type of ceramic artefacts, fired in this facility. In my opinion it could have served for the production of both kitchenware and fine tableware (probably glazed).
I would be very grateful if someone could help me with this matter.
Aleksandrov 1983: G. Aleksandrov. Antichna vila #1 krai Mihailovgrad. – Izvestia na muzeite v Severozapadna Bulgaria (IMSZB), 8, 1983, 39-79.
Grimes 1930: W. F. Grimes. Holt, Denbighshire. The Works-Depot of the Twentieth Legion at Castle Lyons. – Y Cymmrodor, XLI, 1930.
Peacock 1982: D. P. S. Peacock. Pottery in the Roman World: an ethnoarchaeological approach. Longman, London, 1982.
Woods 1974: P. J. Woods. Types of Late Belgic and Early Romano-British Pottery Kilns in the Nene Valley. – Britannia, Vol. 5, 1974, 262-281.